plantes de cannabis
Although, medical use of cannabis sativa/indica may be restricted because certain strains of the cannabis plant contain different amounts of countless chemical composites, which according to researchers makes hard to predict its effects.
e deviant from his own perspective as biased. But if we look at the agents of
social control as one out of a multiplicity of definers of social reality, no more or less
valid than any other, then the possibility is open for us to see the deviant through his own
eyes. If, on the other hand, we adopt a condescending social worker point of view toward
him, that is, the view that we must help him to adjust to society, we will be wholly
incapable of understanding him.
We wish, therefore, to adopt a perspective which decentralizes sources of realitydefinitions.
We wish to throw open a dialogue with all participants in the activity that we
are studying. No one definition of the situation will be allowed to impose itself on any and
all participants. Each version of reality will glint a particle of the total (even though each
version will almost invariably claim to tell the whole story). Each will be incomplete,
although valid on its own level.
Another way of saying something similar is that we assume intentionality on the actor's
part. Marijuana users are fully aware of what they are doing; they enter into the activity,
from start to finish, with open eyes. They are not unwitting dupes, they have not been
conned by a clever "slick," eager to make a profit from their naiveté. They have chosen to
smoke marijuana. There is an active element in their choosing. They imagine themselves,
prior to the act of becoming "turned on," actually smoking. They carry the actions
through, in their minds, conceiving of what they would do "if." They have weighed
alternatives. They have considered social costs. They operate on the basis of a value
system; marijuana use is in part an outgrowth of that value system; using it is a realistic
and a rational choice in that marijuana use will often be and obtain for them what they
anticipate. The basic values may themselves be thought of as irrational by someone with a
more positivistic and scientific-technological-economistic point of view, but this is largely
a matter of definition. Let me illustrate: if I want to become high, smoking marijuana is a
rational choice, but drinking a cup of coffee to attain that state is irrational. The value of
becoming high might be viewed as irrational within the framework of certain values
prevalent in America today, but many marijuana users question those very values.
This point of view holds that marijuana use grows out of many of the processes in
society which we all take to be normal. It is convenient to label as pathological any
phenomenon that we do not like. We attempt to legitimate our biases by claiming for an
activity traits that we reject. Thus, marijuana use becomes a product of boredom—because
boredom is a bad thing, and if marijuana use is produced by it, marijuana use must also be
a bad thing. Or it is rebellion against the older generation or a result of a broken home or
the wish to escape reality or to avoid meaningful attachments to other peopl ty who lived near a forest here and grew their
marijuana near a stream. They eventually had to stop growing as their
plants where being ripped-off by the locals in the town nearby. It also
must be understood that the thieves where not just teenagers either.
Adults will do this too. In some cases where the cannabis industry is
booming, rippers are professionals and this is their main source of
Figure 3.13 - This is a picture of an Outdoor grow that has been
ripped off. The smaller image shows a picture of the plant before it
was ripped off. Picture by Slowhand.
Figure 3.14 - This is another shot of a grow area that has been ripped
off. As you can see rippers are without mercy. They would not even
leave a little bit of branching so that the grower could take cuttings
from his plant. Picture by Slowhand.
The best way to conceal an outdoor garden is to grow the
Cannabis plants among other plants that will mask the cannabis. The
other way is too grow the plants is inside a brick cubicle with a sheet
of glass on top. Some of you may have the advantage of living out of
town and have gardens in which this kind of stuff can be constructed.
Hide your crop well. Everybody does not easily spot marijuana but
someone who is trained to watch out for this plant will see it right
away for what it is. If you feel that unwanted people may see your
grow area then you might want to invest in some form of a greenhouse
that has the windows painted white but the top glass left clear. The
white walls will help reflect the direct sunlight coming down around
Guerrilla growing is hard work and most often prone to ripoffs.
By planting in a forest or in someone else’s field you are not in
any danger of being caught with the plants ON YOUR PROPERTY.
Having said that the person’s property that you planted on is at risk.
Be a nice grower and do NOT plant on someone else's property. It is
not a nice thing to do and looks bad on the cannabis growing
community. Find a public area such as a forest or a hill slope. Look for
an area that is away from the public eye. Look for an area that will
receive plenty of light. There are lots of places for this sort of thing.
You have just got to spend time finding them. This is the key to
guerrilla growing. Find a good patch and you will have good bud.
Figure 3.15 - Photograph by Mullummadman.
Your grow patch, whether on your own property or public
property, must be treated. Leaving seeds in the soil and coming back
four months later is generally not going to get you good results. Two
main things must be done to the patch to begin the grow - weeding and
Figure 3.16 - A night shot of an outdoor grow by Slowhand.
Some guerrilla farmers keep it simple. What they do is start
their seedlings in small plastic pots indoors. When the seedlings have
developed the grower cuts the bottom of the pot away. A small piece of
cardboard is taped to the b s marijuana. But the question cannot be answered so
facilely. How much marijuana? How often? With the heroin addict, we find a more or less
built-in polarization. The syndrome of heroin addiction is more clear-cut than with
marijuana where we do not find the same compulsion to use. We will, of course,
encounter the heroin experimenter, the nonaddicted weekend "joy-popper," the on-againoff-
again-heroin user, a high percentage of whom eventually slide into outright addiction.
But the proportion of addicts among the universe of heroin users is so enormous that we
will be able to characterize the outstanding features of heroin addiction as a way of life,
and capture the use-patterns of a significant segment of all heroin users. Our job is more
difficult with marijuana use. There is not the same tendency to polarization. Instead, we
must think of marijuana use in dimensionalist terms.
Again, who is the marijuana user? What of the college student who, on three occasions,
puffed part of a passed-around joint, never became high, and never again used the drug? If
we exclude him, what about the housewife who tried the drug ten times, got high twice,
decided that her curiosity had been satisfied, and refused it thereafter? Or the Wall Street
lawyer who happens upon a pot party once every two months and accepts opportunities to
smoke every time they are offered? Is he a marijuana smoker? The solution has to be
arbitrary. I have found there is no precise line that may be drawn which delineates the user
(1 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:33 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 2
from the nonuser. There is an unbroken continuum in use from the person who tried it
once to the daily user, the mythical six-cigarettes-a-day smoker. (This is often cited as the
"average" consumption of the "typical" smoker;1 probably fewer than one out of a
hundred individuals who have tried marijuana smokes that much.)
Although an exact line between the user and the nonuser is impossible to draw, some
crude but useful categories of degrees of use might help to clarify the kinds of
involvement with the drug that are likely to be encountered. We have the experimenter,
the occasional user, the regular user, and the frequent user. Where we separate these
categories is partly a matter of taste and cannot be decided with much rigor or with
impelling logic. Further, it must be realized that there is no necessary progression from the
least to the most involved category. A given user may float in and out of these categories
over a period of time.a The experimenter may be the largest of these groups, and forms
perhaps a half of the total universe of all individuals who have at least tried marijuana at
least once. The experimenter may have obtained a high, but perhaps not. He has invariably
not sought out the drug, but has been turned on by friends. He is curious about its effects,
but, at this point, little more than that. It could be that his curiosity has been sa These were isolated by chromatography
el/wool must be kept moist at all times.
If the material
dries out it may damage the seeds. Everyday check to see if the seeds
have started to produce any roots. If they have then immediately
transfer the seedling to a grow medium (such as soil) using a pair of
tweezers. Do not touch the root. This has a moderate to high success
rate. Out of 10 seeds 8 - 9 may germinate. The problem with this
method is that sometimes the transplant can cause the seedling to go
into shock. This can kill the germination process leaving you with
nothing. With practice you can get all your seeds to germinate.
This is a method whereby the seeds are placed in small unit,
called a seed or clone propagator, which is designed to help plants
germinate. One such kit is called a rockwool SBS Propagation Tray.
Some of these kits can be heated and look like a miniature greenhouse.
At the bottom of the tray is a small area where water, or even better
‘some germination hormone’ is poured. Small grow cubes called
rockwool cubes are placed into slots in the tray, which automatically
dips the rockwool into the solution (Figure 3.8). The seeds are placed
into tiny holes in the cubes and the cover is then put back on the unit.
Figure 3.7 - Propagation kit and Clones by Strawdog.
This has a very high success rate. All the seeds can sometimes
germinate and in most cases often do. The disadvantage to this method
is that you need to spend money on the tray, rockwool and grow
The price of the tray is about $10/£10, the rockwool cubes
$5/£5, the grow fertilizers $5/£5. If you have spent $50/£50 on seeds
then why not spend the extra $20/£20 on getting a small kit together
like this. The other advantage is that you can use this same tray to help
root your clones.
Figure 3.8 - Overhead shot of some seedlings germinating in
rockwool. Picture by Shecky Greene.
DANGERS WHEN PROPAGATING SEEDS
Drafts are a killer and will stunt germination. Always make
sure that you keep your germinating seeds away from any open
windows or fans. Also make sure that the room is kept warm. A cold
room can inhibit your germination rates. The other thing to look out
for when using germination fertilizers is to make sure that your
mixture is correct. Do not use high doses of fertilizers with seedlings.
In fact water is all seedlings should need. You do not need to add
anything. Some people do use germination solutions though, but make
sure that you keep these solution strengths down low. An incorrect
mixture can burn your seedlings and cause them to fail. Another thing
to do is to leave your seeds alone to grow. Do not go fiddling with
them, hence the term ‘digging up your seeds’.
Some people tend to
disturb the soil to see how their seeds are doing.
This is a bad move
and can break or even damage the seed and root. The other thing to
keep in mind is that some strains produce seedlings that have weak
stems. This means that the seed
own is called
‘The couch-lock effect’. The head high is simply called ‘The head
Now another thing must be considered here. Remember that
we talked about Species of Cannabis - Sativa, Indica and Rudereralis?
Well Rudereralis is hardly used much today. Sativa and Indica are
extremely common and these 2 species will be the main focus of this
book. Also both species have two different forms of high. The high
type of each species can also be controlled depending on the time at
which you harvest. Not only this but the species can be crossed to
produce Indica/Sativa type plants or Sativa/Indica type plants. This
may sound all very confusing at first, but it is in fact all quite simple.
We will explain more about this in our next chapter.
Figure 2.1 - Some cannabis seeds by Kryptonite.
At the moment there are approximately 450 seed varieties of
Cannabis on the market today. Out of the 450 seed varieties, 200 are
worth looking at and out of the 200 varieties about 50 or so are
outstanding. Each strain is either a pure species type (taking 2 plants
of the same species and crossing them) or a crossbreed of two or more
species (taking 2 plants from different species and crossing them).
Out of the 450 seed varieties we said that 200 where good.
This leaves 250 left. Those 250 are usually very unstable crossbreed
strains. These complete hybrids plants are mixed so much that they
can not be classified at either Sativa or Indica. They are classified in a
different way and we will explain this in the strain format table below.
Most hybrids do not last long on the market and are primarily
found only among breeders who are experimenting with their plant’s
genetics. Seed producers tend to only produce the following strain
categories. Some Hybrids can be excellent though!
PURE SATIVA (This is a pure species)
SATIVA (This is a mostly Sativa species with some Indica)
PURE INDICA (This is a pure species)
INDICA (This is a mostly Indica species with some Sativa)
INDICA/SATIVA (This is a 50/50 cross between a Sativa and an
They also produce:
RUDERALIS (This is a pure species)
And some other Ruderalis mixes. However Ruderalis is a
problematic plant. It does not produce large quantities of THC, nor
does it flower like the other varieties. Ruderalis is considered substandard
by most growers because it flowers according to age and does
not flower according to the photoperiod. We will explain what the
photoperiod is in a moment.
Now remember that we said an Indica/Sativa cross would
produce two different highs. Well we lied a little. If they are both
50%/50% crosses then the high will be a 50%/50% mix. Indica/Sativa
and Sativa/Indica is really the same thing.
Pure Sativa is a total ‘Head High’. Pure Indica is a total ‘Body
Stone/couch-lock’. A 50/50 cross will give a 50% ‘Head high’ and a
50% ‘Body Stone’. If an Indica plant is crossed slightly with a Sativa
plant it will giv w York's East Village, is common.b The median age
of my informants was twenty-two, with slightly over one-fifth in their teens (21 percent),
and less than a tenth ( 7 percent) were thirty or over. At about the same time I was
conducting my survey, The East Village Other, a New York underground newspaper
whose 25,000 readers include a considerable percentage of drug users, did a study of its
own. In the April 1967 issue, EVO included a fill-out, mail-in questionnaire on its readers'
drug use. Keeping in mind the extraordinary possibilities for bias and distortion,6 it
should be noted, nonetheless, that the age range of my own study and that of the EVO
study are remarkably similar ( see Table 2-1).
Age Range in Goode and EVO Studies
17 or under 5 16 or under 4
18 or 19 16 17 or 18 11
20 or 21 25 19, 20, 21 28
22, 23, 24, 25 30 22, 23, 24, 25 35
26, 27, 28, 29 18 26 to 30 12
30 or over 7 over 30 10
Age Range in New York Medical College Study
A third study, conducted by
two sociologists at the New York
Medical College in early 1969,
interviewed seventy-four New
York user respondents collected
by "reputational" methods.7
The age composition of this
group was almost identical to
mine and to EVO's (see Table 2-
2). Although none of these
studies is random in its
composition of users, or in its
method of collection, the
closeness in correspondence
lends credence to the assertion
that the age distribution of
marijuana smokers in general (or
at least in New York City) is very
likely to be as described. More
striking than its mere youth
(since the median age of the
American population in general
twenty-seven) is the high
degree of concentration within the specific age range of about fifteen years, the middle
teens upward to about thirty. It is possible that use is spreading beyond these boundaries,
both upward and downward; perhaps in a few years, as the present user population grows
older, and, possibly, continues to some extent in using marijuana, this over-representation
among those in their late teens and early twenties will no longer hold true. In any case,
this is, at the present time, the age breakdown of the average user.
(4 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:33 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 2
The user is more likely to be male than female. Or, to put it another way, men are more
likely to smoke, or to have smoked, marijuana than women. The differences between men
and women in their potsmoking participation are always fairly small, but distinct. For the
addicting drugs, especially heroin, the differences are massive. Only about one-fifth of all
known addicts turn out to be women. Men have five times greater chance of becoming
heroin addicts than women.8 The male dominance in marijuana use is never as great as
that. In the 1969 American Institute of Public Opinion study (Gallup Poll) of a
This site is hosting the publications of the university of agricultural sciences and veterinary medicine, cluj-napoca, romania reviste usamv, publicatii usamv, academicpres. Societ italiana di genetica agraria annual congress amp meetings precise mapping of quantitative trait loci for resistance to southern leaf blight, caused by cochliobolus heterostrophus race o, and flowering time using advanced intercross maize. Bio 106 stark cumulative lecture outline cytokinins in the hemi-parasite melampyrum arvense l before a review of cannabis diseases journal of the international dynamics of flowering and embryology of striga hermonthica. Journals of the university of agricultural sciences and veterinary size, such as increased plant leaf size, shoot growth, root growth, increased seed weight and viability, or enhanced plant development, such as earlier flowering. Plant hormoneschemical communication back to category listing new search scientific name artemisia spp family name asteraceaecompositae common name southernwood, wormwood, absinthe, sage brush, ladaposs love. marijuana use; they disapprove of its use because there is
enough evidence to be able to decide on the drug's dangers—or there is enough indication
that it might be thought of as dangerous. "... those of us who oppose legalization are...
implacable in insisting that all cannabis preparations are potentially dangerous. The
potential dangers, to our minds, are severe."18 As a result, "... there is overwhelming
consensus that this drug marijuana should not be legalized, and no responsible medical
body in the world supports such action."19
Marijuana, then, according to the medical profession, is a "dangerous drug." The
question, therefore, is: In what specific ways does the medical profession see its use as
dangerous? Opinion is not unanimous on the questions of what, precisely, the effects are
whether certain effects represent, in fact, a clear danger, and to what extent the danger
appears. Nonetheless, the differences within the profession should not be exaggerated.
Without question the danger most commonly seen by physicians and psychiatrists in
marijuana is its power to engender a kind of psychological dependence in the user. No
observer of the drug scene attributes to marijuana the power of physiological addiction;
instead, psychological dependence is imputed. "Drug dependence is a state of psychic
dependence or physical dependence, or both, on a drug, arising in a person following
administration of that drug on a periodic or continued basis."20 Each drug has its
characteristic syndrome, and each must be designated with its own specific title; we are
interested in "drug dependence of the cannabis type." Marijuana, then, produces a psychic
dependency in the user which impels him to the continued and frequent use of that
specific drug—a dependency that is similar in important respects to actual physical
(9 of 25)4/15/2004 1:04:59 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 5
Marijuana smokers hold the lack of physiological addiction of their drug of choice to be
a powerful scoring point in its favor; many physicians, on the other hand, see this point as
trivial in view of the parallels between addiction and dependency. The dimension of
interest to us is not whether the impelling force is chemical or psychological, but whether
the user persists in his use of a substance which physicians have defined as noxious,
whose use constitutes "abuse." Thus, a person is defined as being dependent on the basis
of whether use of a drug is continued over a period of time, and is ruled undesirable by
drug experts. The imputation of undesirability is necessary to the definition, since the
repeated administration of crepe suzette21 is not labeled "dependency"—even though it
can occur with the same frequency and with the same degree of disruption in one's life.
The fact that a withdrawal syndrome does not appear upon abstinence is outside the focus
of this definition; the telling point is th , 58 (1946) they can really push their
buds to the limit. Some people even grow top colas that are the size of
soda bottles or large corncobs!
Figure 8.3 - This picture shows a ScrOG variation. It is a small ScrOG
set-up for a cabinet grow. This picture also contains a Homemade
Octagonal Vented Hood for a 250W HPS light. Picture by Foz
RealHigh is a ScrOG lover and has been growing ScrOG style
for some years. He has added a bit to the ScrOG method through his
experience with the process. This should help you understand more
about the ScrOG method and what people have learned with this new
This is like a SOG (Sea of Green) grow, but a screen is used
to train the plant to grow horizontally creating a canopy of buds
beneath the light. The screen is simply 2” chicken wire, or 2” nylon
poultry fencing, or one can use hooks and 20 lb. fishing line to make
The screen is at a set height above the plant medium. This
height varies from 8” to 24” depending on the light type you are
using. The light should be hung by chains and adjustable so that one
can raise it if needed.
Clones are used again like in SOG style, because we do not
want a hole in the canopy were a male was removed. This is why we
use female clones for SOG and ScrOG grows. It does not take as many
plants for ScrOG growing as compared to SOG. One should allow at
least 1 square foot per flowering plant in a ScrOG grow.
This method also takes anywhere from 1 to 3 weeks longer
per grow because we will be in a vegetative stage longer than a SOG
The plants are trained to grow horizontally under the screen
until they are 2 weeks into the flowering cycle. At this point you let the
tops grow vertically through the screen. One should always train the
main growing tops to the outside of the screen. They always grow the
tallest, and we want the tallest to be on the perimeter of the screen. As
the tops grow vertically, push the large fan leaves down under the
screen, allowing the light to get to all the developing bud sites. If leaf
growth is excessive, one should first cut the finger in half making a
shorter leaf and allowing light to get to the bud site. Leaving half the
leaf on the plant still allows it to make energy for the plant to grow.
Taking a whole fan leaf away in one go can stunt growth.
In a week take off the rest of it. Some do not remove leaf at
all, but I do it to help with air movement, reduce chance of mould or
fungus, and to allow light to penetrate the bud sites. Just remember to
remove a little at a time if you do remove leaf.
At this point flowers are forming and growing vertically
creating a carpet of bud above the screen. Now we go below the
screen and remove all the lateral branches and stray bud sites. The
canopy has thickened up enough now that light is blocked from
reaching this lower growth. It is only sucking away your plant’s
energy from the buds under the light. Remov water and other minerals from the soil to help
it grow. The soil also goes through dry periods when you do not water
your plant or when the plant has absorbed most of the water. During
these dry periods air is allowed to creep in between the soil particles,
allowing the roots to breathe.
There are 3 main factors to look at when buying soil. (1) pH,
(2) Nutrients and (3) Structure.
pH is a way of measuring how much acid and alkaline is in
the soil. The pH scale runs from 1 - 14. 7 is neutral, 0 is very acidic
and 14 is very alkaline. Cannabis plants in soil like a pH of 7. When
choosing your soil you should be looking for a pH of 7. It should tell
you this on the bag. Going above or below this mark can cause your
plant problems during growth. Small pH meters (Figure 5.18) can be
bought in most gardening shops and can be used to measure the
overall pH of your soil.
Figure 5.18 - This is a picture of two cheap pH meters that can be
purchased from most grow shops.
The three major nutrients that are found in soil are Nitrogen,
Phosphorous and Potassium or NPK for short. NPK can come in two
forms - with the soil or as a stand-alone fertilizer (usually in a bottle).
When you look at the bag you will see that the % of each part is stated.
Such as 20:20:20. This means 20% N, 20% P, 20% K. The remaining
40% is just other elements that make-up the soil. In liquid it would
usually be water. This ratio can change between different types of
nutrient and soil brands so we need to understand what Cannabis likes.
Cannabis plants like good levels of N and a normal level of P
and K during vegetative growth. You need to pick a bag that has all
three, not just 10:20:0. When looking at chemical fertilizers you need
a mixture that has the first number higher or equal to the rest. 12-12-
12 is fine, 20-20-20 is fine, 12-6-6 is fine and 18-4-5 is fine. The 12-
12-12 and 20-20-20 are the best ones to find. Something like 8-20-20
is not suitable for vegetative growth. Bags with higher P are for
flowering plants. As a grower we do not transplant to new soil for
flowering. We simply use plant feeds to bring up the P levels during
Try to find a soil that is not too moist. In other words try to
find a soil that dries out well and does not hold water like mud. It
should say on the packet whether the soil is a wet or dry one. Try to
find a balance between the two. Wet soil will sometimes cause plant
damage because your roots need air to breathe. Dry soil may also dry
out too quickly and needs to be watered more often. Try to find a soil
that is loose and feels fine but slightly heavy in your hands.
Basically the soil structure is up to you. Do not buy anything
that is hard and bulky or too soft and weightless. Medium Soft and
heavy is what you want.
SOME COMMON SOIL TYPES
There are many more types of soil mediums out there and
here we will briefly go through a few. Marijuana can be gro kilo blocks about five inches wide, eight inches long,
and three inches high, which are then wrapped in rough paper. To smoke this, the user
must strain the mixture through a medium or fine mesh tea strainer to remove the inert
twigs, stems, and the seeds, which exude an unpleasant, oily smoke. (Often the seeds are
saved for planting; we shall return to this topic when discussing the sale of marijuana.)
The strained substance is then either smoked in joints or packed into a pipe. The joint is
the most popular means of smoking Rolling one takes skill and only an expert can produce
a thin, tightly packed, smooth product; more often, the joint is sloppy and untidy. An
ordinary pipe cannot be used without special preparation, since strained marijuana, much
finer than tobacco, will be drawn through the stem. Sometimes aluminum pricked with
holes is pressed into the bowl and the marijuana placed on the foil. Or a "toke pipe" will
be used; especially constructed for marijuana or hashish (nearly always smoked in a pipe),
some have extremely small bowls, slightly larger than a hollowed-out pea. Another
common method of smoking marijuana in a pipe is to put a tiny screen especially
constructed for cannabis use over the bowl of an ordinary pipe and then place the
marijuana on the screen.
In America, hashish is typically smoked in a pipe, toke pipe, or some form of Oriental
water pipe, such as the hookah (Arabic) or narghtle (Turkish and Persian). Often a block
of hashish will be broken into small bits and each piece will be placed onto the burning
end of a tobacco cigarette; the fumes of the hashish will then be sucked through a straw or
tube, such as the barrel of a dismembered ball-point pen. Often (especially in public) a
small chunk of hashish will be placed inside the end of a partly hollowed out tobacco
cigarette, and the paper twisted to keep it in place; it will then be smoked like a regular
cigarette. Sometimes chunks of hashish will be sprinkled into cigarette paper, rolled into a
marijuana joint, and then smoked just like a regular joint of marijuana. Occasionally,
smokers will fabricate their own devices, such as a "flying saucer" or tin foil placed over a
cup or small bowl.
In the past few years, far more hashish has been available to the American marijuanasmoking
public than previously. (See Chapter 10 for more details.) In talking to users and
dealers, my estimate is that, compared with the first few months of 1966, something like
fifty to one hundred times the quantity of hashish had entered the country and was being
smoked by the winter of 1970. (This might be partly attributable to the severe
shortage—at least in New York—of Mexican marijuana available at the later period.)22
Hashish is something like five times the strength of ordinary marijuana which usually
(13 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:03 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 1
means that less of the substance must be smoked to become high. One can get h ping a light on the plant at all times. These plants will grow to a
certain height and then form into a bush. It will then eventually stop
producing branches and will spend the rest of its life growing new
leaves to replace the old ones.
- Bud production is not equal to the height of your plant. Bud
production is equal to your growing environment, your strain's genetic
make-up and the amount of nodes that the plant has. All nodes are
potential bud areas, but every strain has a genetic threshold for bud
- It is possible to get more bud with lots of plants which are flowered
as soon as they are mature (which also keeps them shorter and
smaller), than extending vegetative growth with less plants until they
reach their maximum height and size. The time frame for the shorter
option may also produce more bud turnover per annum.
Figure 7.1 - A Picture of a large indoor grow by Vic High.
Keeping these things in mind, you can either choose to flower
now or choose to keep your plant growing until it reaches its size
threshold before you start flowering. If you take the longer route then
prepare to have the space for it, because when you flower most
cannabis strains they can sometimes more than double in height and
If you have pre-flowers and want to flower you only have to
do one thing. You must put your plants under a 12/12 schedule.
Figure 7.2 - A Picture of an indoor grow by
THE ALL-IMPORTANT 12/12!
Most people never get good results or bud quantities from
cannabis plants because they have never heard of 12/12.
12/12 is easy to explain. Cannabis plants grow outdoors
naturally between the months of April to October/November. This
means that towards the Sept/Oct/Nov dates the plants will be in
flowering. During this time the days get shorter and the nights get
longer. When this occurs the plant is under 12 hours of light and 12
hours of darkness. When this 12/12 PHOTOPERIOD occurs the plant
is naturally stimulated to flower. If the 12/12 continues then the plant
will produce its flowers. As long as 12/12 continues the flowers will
grow larger and more plentiful. This is part of the cannabis plants
evolution and how it has taught itself when to flower. Naturally as a
grower we want lots of flowers so we need to put the plant through a
light cycle of 12/12. This means that we must turn our lights on and
off at these given ratios.
During pre-flowering you will either manually turn on your
lights for 12 hours and turn off your light for 12 hours everyday or you
will use an automatic timer. If your light comes with a timer set the
timer to do this. Throughout the 12 hours of darkness it is best to keep
your grow area as dark a possible. A small desk light at the other side
of your room will cause your plant not to react properly to 12/12 which
will result in continued vegetative growth. In fact any light that
penetrates the darkness will stop your plants from flowerin
he timer on top of it.
Light can be separated into a spectrum, which form the colors
of the rainbow. Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet.
Each of these lights mix down to give white light. Artificial lights,
because of their nature, tend to lean towards a tint of one of these
colors when they mix down to form white light.
The electro-magnetic spectrum is a term used in lighting to
describe the distribution of electro-magnetic radiation by reference to
energy. This table roughly gives wavelengths, frequencies and energies
for parts of the spectrum. There is also the color part of the spectrum
that is very important for plants.
Plants are green, which means that Plants absorb light at the
middle of the spectrum (Orange to Indigo). Cannabis plants need this
part of the light spectrum to reach full growing potential. The intensity
of the light is also important. A light that feeds the full bandwidth with
all light spectrums will work very well - like sunlight. When dealing
with artificial lights it is better to choose a light that concentrates its
intensity on the top part of the spectrum. The most common indoor
light systems are called HID lights. We will discuss the full range of
lights that you may come across in some grow rooms.
POOR LIGHTING SYSTEMS
Figure 5.6 - A domestic bulb. Also called
an incandescent light source.
These are the lights you find in use around your house. These
lights come in all sizes and wattage - 15 watts to 150 watt. These
lights are not suitable for growing because of their low light intensity
and bad color spectrum.
AVERAGE LIGHTING SYSTEMS
Fluorescent Tube Lights:
Figure 5.7 and 5.8 - These are examples of some fluro fixtures and
bulbs that can be bought in most hardware stores.
These lights are the long industrial lights that are found in
many a school and work place. These lights come in nearly all lengths
and sizes. 2 to 10 feet are the main sizes that are out there. They also
run between 10 watts and 300 watts. These lights are okay for growing
but they provide little light and are hard to set up properly. They also
are not in best light spectrum for Cannabis plants to grow in.
Figure 5.9 - A Halogen light.
Halogen lights are the small lights that can be seen on the
outside of factories for flood lighting the grounds during the night.
They are usually small and black. These lights can range anywhere
between 75watts and 4000watts.
Halogens get extremely hot and can provide an unsuitable
condition for growing Cannabis under. They are not recommended
because they are dangerous to use indoors for growing. They are also
not in the best light spectrum for growing Cannabis.
Fluorescent White Tube Lights:
These are not in use much and are very similar to the
Fluorescent lights except they are in the correct growing spectrum.
These lights are not very strong and do not range much above
100w The Super Sativa Seed Club (SSSC) bred a Thai strain for four generations to stabilize its traits favoring indoor
cultivation. SSSC's famous Durban Poison male was used to pollinate a particularly sweet Thai female from this
fourth generation. The hybrid was called "Durban Thai Highflier" by SSSC is has quite a reputation among
Cannabis "Old-timers". They exhibited the best genes from both sides of their heritage, maturing early and
remaining reasonably compact due to the Durban's influence. True Thai weed is sickly sweet, but when crossed
with the Durban, the hybrid took on a taste distinctly like black licorice. Bros. Grimm decided to cross a
particularly early-maturing female SSSC Durban Thai with a Cinderella 99 male. A limited quantity of seeds is
now available. Expect a hybrid that is heavily Sativa-dominant, yet suited to indoor cultivation." - Bros. Grimm
re gage, boo, Mary Jane; although used
somewhat humorously today, they are rather obsolescent as simple descriptive names.
Terms used more than twenty years ago ( and less than that by older heads still using
drugs), totally outdated, never used, and completely obsolete are mooters, mutah, mota,
gates, greeters, griffo, griefo, giggle smoke, jive, mohasky, rope, mezz, goof-butts, Mary
Warner, viper's weed, sweet Lucy, root and muggles. Many currently published glossaries
will contain these terms, as if they were still used, or as if they might have a resurrection.
An expert on criminal argot, for instance, claims: "... it is rare that a word can be labeled
truly obsolete, for about the time that label is applied, it is almost certain to pop up in
another area or among a different class of addicts; it has merely been kept alive in some
obscure circles which have not been currently studied."12 Although this process no
(9 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:03 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 1
doubt occurs, I think that it is safe to say that all of the above-mentioned terms are
obsolete. Since no marijuana smokers to my knowledge know of these terms, it is highly
unlikely that any of them will be revived. "Muggles" (the principal slang word for
marijuana in Maurer and Vogel's classic book) would evoke uproarious laughter if a
young user stumbled on it in a book today.13
Marijuana is a plant, Cannabis sativa.
All marijuana plants are of one species, but there
exists at least three varieties: Cannabis sativa indica, americana, and mexicana, whose
names obviously denote the areas in which they characteristically grow. The Western
Hemisphere varieties, however, are not indigenous; they were introduced by the coming
of the European. In a reply to a request for information on this point, Richard Evans
Schultes, director of Harvard's botanical museum, wrote: "... Cannabis ... is Asiatic in
origin, and... it occurs in the New World only as an introduced species.... In the United
States, it has spread from former hemp plantations and is now widely occurring as a
spontaneous 'escape.' It apparently was brought to North America first by the Pilgrims....
and was grown for its fiber" (personal communication, July 8, 1969 ).
The marijuana plant today grows in the overwhelming majority of the countries of the
world, including all those in the Western Hemisphere, Africa, the entire continent of Asia,
Australia, and the Indonesian archipelago. A few scattered varieties may be found in
Europe.14 In spite of the botanical affinities between the various subspecies of Cannabis
sativa, the psychoactive component of the plant is wildly variable from one plant to
The strength of the drug in a given Plantecannabisexterieur preparation may be determined by several
1) Gender of the plant. Female plants are much more richly endowed with the active
ingredient of the drug. The male plant, taller, weedier and more fibrous—used in the last
century and be
Started with 5 seeds.
A cracked seed, the only damage on delivery of batch 1 and 2, still germinated but
kicked it about 4 days after sprouting. Of the 4 remaining 3 were female. The sprouts started a little on the
twisted side but grew out of the awkward looking chit pretty quick.
All 4 plants were very similar in both growth and appearance prior to flowering with the exception of one that
had more oval shaped leaves than the others. The rest were typical indica shaped leaves, wider and rounded
on the leaf blade serrations. Once the plants went to flower differences were seen. Oh yeah. These plants had
a mutually shared stink while vegging too.
Note: The male developed leaf mold and since it was the only plant of many to show a weakness to mold its
history. Of the three females two were keepers, for now, while the other was weak, and weak is a kind word.
The most prolific grower during flower with decent branching when trained and it produced the most bud.
Having the most bud of these 3 isn’t much of an accomplishment for any respectable hermaphroditd SIDE EFFECTS plant though. Plant was
harvested at approximately 50 days. Buzz was slightly higher than average for this age.
s and disadvantages.
The first thing you should know is that indoor lights produce
bigger flowers (more bud) than natural window light. This means you
get more THC quantity with artificial lights than you will with natural
sunlight indoors. Even in countries that have hot sun for 6 months of
the year you can still find it hard to produce big buds indoors under
natural light. Some people have grown plants under an attic window
that they open during the dry days. This will grow you bud but not as
much as you would get using an artificial light system. The other side
of the coin is that natural light is free, electricity is not and grow lights
are a little bit expensive to buy and use. They are definitely not as
expensive as it is to run an electric cooker 24 hours a day but they are
little expensive to use all the same.
Figure 3.10 - The Sun. Picture by Inf3cted.
When using a window grow try to place your plant near a
window that gets the most sunlight. Sun comes up in east and sets in
the west. It travels more north or south depending on which side of the
equator you are. Think about it for awhile. Also remember that you
have the seasons to think about. If you plan on a window grow try to
establish when you want your plant to receive most of its light. You
want your plant to get most of its light during flowering. If July is the
best month for sunlight then you may consider producing your
seedling back in April or May or even as early as late March. Try to
guess when you will get the best weather. Coordinate this with the
flowering times directed by the breeder and you will be able to foresee
your harvest time.
Also remember that people can look up and see your plant if
they are sitting near the window. Do people come to wash your
windows? Also remember that if you have a Sativa plant then they will
get big. Take all these factors into consideration when you are growing
your plants with natural sunlight indoors.
If you are growing indoors then you may have a room or part
of a room that you wish to use such as an attic, closet, basement, spare
bathroom or hot press. These locations nearly always need artificial
light. You may even decide to build a cabinet yourself. There are many
ways to set-up an indoor grow room. We will discuss this later in
Figure 3.11 - Indoor Grow room. Picture by Kryptonite.
GENERAL OUTDOOR GROWING AND GUERRILLA
Outdoor growing is growing on your own property outdoors.
Guerrilla farming is growing away from your property in public areas
or on someone else’s property. For this part we will talk a bit about
Figure 3.12 - Outdoor Grow. Picture by Mullummadman.
The biggest problem with outdoor growing is keeping your
grow area secure and private. Some people will rip-off your plant in a
second if they see what you have (Figures 3.13 and 3.14). Others will
just create trouble for you. Security is vital. I once heard about a small
hippy communi The known
(+)-apoverbenone (166)96 was prepared from (3-pinene via ozonolysis to nopinone
(165) followed by bromination and dehydrobromination
Cannabis sativa , is a tall grass, generally between 8 and 12 feet. The oak tree leaves have long thin fingers and are well-lit green. The more equatorial dean martin variety have more deceitful pigments to protect the grass from intense well-lit. Sativa ubds are long and thin and turn erd as they mature in a heated how can technology help save the environment. In cooler how can technology help save the environments the ubds may be swell-litly purple. Sativa grasss smell like honey and fruity and the liquid smoke is generally quite mild. It is a determinant of fiber for thread and other products and it contains THC which gives liquid smokres the psychic effects they look high and low. The oak tree leaves of this grass are liquid smoed but the most highly prized part of the grass is the top.
le le cannabis -- Tuesday, March 11, 2014 9:33:44 PM
DO YOU WANT TO LEARN HOW TO
GROW POT LIKE THIS?
Picture by BushyOlderGrower.
OR MAKE HASH LIKE THIS?
This book has been written under adverse conditions. In most
countries it is illegal to own seeds, grow cannabis or use cannabis.
Maybe it will change for you one day if you make the effort to have
your voice heard. Until that day comes it is recommended that you
consult your local authorities to see what is your countries legal status
with regards to growing cannabis. This book does not want you to
break the law nor is it here for that purpose. This book is about
cannabis and how it is grown around the world. Even though the
contents of this book may show you how to acquire seeds and grow
very potent plants, you are responsible for your own actions. We would
like to see you grow cannabis however we would not like to see you
break the law.
I would also like to say that many countries have permitted
medical users to grow cannabis in their home. If they have in your
country then this book will be of massive benefit to you and your
The Cannabis Grow Bible is part of a foundation series and is
a developing project. We listen too and talk with 100's of growers
every single year. It is with their advice that we can offer you the latest
updates on growing techniques and strains.
The Cannabis Grow Bible is an information system. We hope
that you stick with us and learn more about how to grow BIGGER
Chapter 1 :
THE CANNABIS PLANT: A BRIEF HISTORY OF CANNABIS
AND THE BASICS OF USING CANNABIS.
-HOW CANNABIS IS USED
Chapter 2 :
- HOW TO GET SEEDS
- CHOOSING A SEED-BANK
- WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN CHOOSING SEEDS
- GROWING FACTORS
- THE LIFE CYCLE OF THE MARIJUANA PLANT
- FLOWERING NON-POLLINATED FEMALES (SINSEMILLA
- CYCLE TIMES
Chapter 3 :
-WAYS TO GERMINATE YOUR SEEDS
-DANGERS WHEN PROPAGATING SEEDS
-INDOOR AND OUTDOOR GROWING
-GENERAL INDOOR GROWING
-GENERAL OUTDOOR GROWING AND GUERRILLA FARMING
Chapter 4 :
-GUERRILLA GROWING SECURITY
Chapter 5 :
THE INDOOR GROWING OF CANNABIS
-POOR LIGHTING SYSTEMS
-AVERAGE LIGHTING SYSTEMS
-BEST LIGHTING SYSTEMS
-HORTICULTURAL LIGHTS - HID
-WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN BUYING A LIGHT
-WATTAGE AND LUMENS
-LUMENS AND MARIJUANA GROWING
-LIGHTING FACTORS AND HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM
-SOME COMMON SOIL TYPES
-CONTINUING YOUR INDOOR SOIL GROW
-INDOOR VEGETATIVE GROWTH
-ADJUSTING YOU LIGHTS
Chapter 6 :
THE BASICS OF INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL
Chapter 7 :
PRE-FLOWERING AND FLOWERING
-THE END OF VEGET s are going to produce more leaf, branches and
FLOWERS. The plant is now entering its Pre-flowering stage.
Now is the time when you should be hoping for as many
females as possible and that all your work has not been in vain. You
closely look at the new growths (Calyx) to see if you can identify your
plant’s sex, but it is still too early to tell.
The early stages all look the same you say? What should you
do now? You do not know? You will have to wait and see.
There are three things that can reveal your plant’s sex early
on but these are not 100% accurate. They are more of an educated
guess. So remember these methods can fail to be accurate but most of
the time they are a good indicator.
First Early Sexing Method:
If you have been growing the same strain and all the seeds at
the same time, then you may notice that some plants are taller than
others. This is a sign that the smaller plants are female and the taller
ones are male.
If you want too, you can separate your plants into two sections
in order to see how good your guesswork was when you do finally
identify sex. The other thing to know is that male plants in general
start to pre-flower before females. If you have taller plants that are
producing new growths before the smaller ones, then the taller plants
are probably male.
Second Early Sexing Method.
A good way to identify plant sex at early date is to look at the
calyx with the aid of a very fine magnifying glass. (See last page of
this book for pre-flowering/calyx illustration)
If the calyx is raised on a small short stem then it is probably
a male. If the calyx is not raised on a small short stem then it is
probably a female.
Third Early Sexing Method.
Force-flowering a cutting is probably the best early sexing
method out there. Simply take a cutting from the plant that you want
to sex and place the cutting in a cup of water or into a cloning medium
such as rockwool. Give the cutting 12 hours light and 12 hours total
darkness. The cutting will flower and display its sex. Clones will carry
the exact same genetic make-up as the plant it came from, including
These methods are NOT 100% accurate but will help you to
understand more about the visible differences between male and
female plants. In a moment we will explain how to identify sex
properly and completely.
THE PRE-FLOWERING TIME
Your plant will Pre-flower between 1 and 2 weeks and during
this period the new growth regions begin to change shape depending
on whether the plant is male or female. It is during this shape change
that you can properly detect your plant's sex.
WHEN TO FLOWER?
Pre-flowering is a sign that your plant is mature enough to
start flowering. As a grower you have a simple choice to make. Do you
want to flower now? Or do you want to continue vegetative growth?
Here are a few facts before you make that choice.
- Some cannabis plants can be kept alive for up to 10 years by simply
kee btains its nutrients.
HPS: A high Pressure Sodium Light.
Humus: The brown or black organic part of soil resulting from the
partial decay of leaves and other matter.
Hybrid: The offspring of two plants of different species or varieties of
Hydroponics: The science of growing plants in mineral solutions or
liquid, instead of in soil.
Indica: A species of cannabis plant.
Infection: The formation of a parasite within or on a host plant.
Infectious Disease: A disease that is caused by a pathogen which can
spread from a diseased to a healthy plant.
Inflorescence: The flower cluster of a plant.
Inoculum: The pathogen or its parts that can cause infection.
Internode : The distance between branches along the stem.
Joint: A cannabis cigarette.
Kief: A term from Morocco used to explain a fine grade of quality
Lateral: Referring to side(s) of the plant structure.
Leaching: The removal or loss of excess salts or nutrients from soil.
Leaflet: Segment of a compound leaf.
Leafy: Having numerous leaves.
Lesion: An area of diseased tissue, normally with a change in color.
Linear: Resembling a line; long and narrow and of uniform width.
Also refers to uniform growth.
Loam: A rich soil composed of clay, sand and organic matter.
Lobe: A major expansion or bulge-like shape, as at the margin of a leaf
Lumen: A scientific measurement for luminosity from a light source.
Manure: Organic matter, usually the excrement of an animal such a
horse, which is used as a rich fertilizer.
Margin: The edge, generally of a leaf.
Marijuana: Another term for cannabis.
Mary Jane: A codeword for marijuana.
MH: Metal Halide light system.
Micronutrients: Mineral elements that are needed by some plants in
very small quantities.
Mildew: A powdery growth on the plant’s surface.
Mother: A selected mother plant kept for its vigor or likable
characteristics by the grower. It is used for cloning and breeding.
Mottle: Refers to irregular patterns on the leaf of light and dark areas
Mutation: A change in genetic material brought about by an abnormal
influence such as radiation.
Native: A plant that occurs and grows naturally in a specific region or
Necrosis: A necrosis is dead tissue on areas of the plant.
Nematicide: A chemical compound that kills nematodes.
Nematode: Microscopic, wormlike animals that live in water or soil,
or as parasites of plants and animals.
Node: Position on a stem from which one or more structures
(especially branches) arise.
NPK: Abbreviation for nitrogen (N), phosphate (P), and potassium
(K), the three primary nutrients for plants.
Oil: Refers to cannabis resin when it is not in a solid state.
Organic: This refers to a method of gardening utilizing only materials
derived from living things and not man made chemicals.
Osmosis: The process by which a solvent passes through a semipermeable
membrane into a region of greater solute concentration, so
roduce another strain into
the pack. If you only have Silver Haze in your grow room, then all you
need are some males and females. By letting the males pollinate the
females you will get Silver Haze seeds. But you will loose some of the
features that the original parent plants had in the selection of
offspring, unless the strain you got was an IBL.
HOWTO MAKE A SIMPLE HYBRID
It is easy, just take a male plant from one strain and a female
from the other. Say Big Bud and Skunk. The result will be BIG BUD
X Skunk, but there will be differences in the pack. Some of the plants
will lean more in the BIG BUD direction and some in the Skunk
direction. Some variations that where not present in the parents may
also appear (if the parents where not both IBL). If you want to
concentrate on creating more seeds so that they ONLY go in one
direction (creating uniform plants) then you need to read more in this
AN INTRODUCTION INTO BASIC GENETICS
Genetics are somewhat difficult to understand at first so it is
best if we give you a grounding in some of the breeding concepts
mentioned in this chapter.
We will start by first explaining what a couple of words mean.
These words will appear throughout this chapter so it is best to define
them at this point.
Each of the units of heredity which are transmitted from parent to
offspring in gametes, usually as part of a chromosome, and control or
determine a single characteristic in the offspring.
[There are genes responsible for each feature of your plant to be
inherited, for leaf color, stem structure, texture, smell, potency, etc.]
Any of a number of alternative forms of one gene.
[For example the Gene for purple bud color may have 2 forms, one for
purple and one for dark red.]
An individual that has identical alleles at one or more genetic loci,
which is not a heterozygote and so breeds true.
[Your plant is to be said homozygous for one feature when it carries in
its responsible gene pair the same gene twice, which means both genes
of the gene pair are equal.]
An individual having different alleles at one or more genetic loci.
[Your plant is said to be heterozygous for one feature when the genes
of the responsible gene pair are unequal.]
An organism distinguishable from others by observable features.
[How your plant looks is the phenotype. It is the summary of all the
features you can see on the outside of your plant. It can also be smell
The genetic constitution of an individual, esp. as distinguished from
the phenotype; the whole of the genes in an individual or group.
[How your plant looks like inside, which features it can possibly
inherit - you can't see those - is called the genotype. It is the summary
of all genetic information which your plant carries and can inherit to
Of a gene or allele: expressed even when inherited from only one
pare pruned sooner or later or more than once. Pruning
during flowering will cause problems with bud production because the
plant will divert its energy from bud production into branch and leaf
production. The results will be a slower rate of Bud growth.
Remember how we spoke about Indica plants being small and
Sativa plants being tall. Well if you learn to prune your plant right you
can generate small bushy Sativa plants that grow in tiny spaces.
Without pruning the Sativa plant it will probably stretch to five feet
For every stem or branch you prune, the cut area will develop
two more branches. Look outside at any tree. See how the stem divides
into branches which sub-divide into more branches which divide into
new shoots and leaves. Well some marijuana plant only grow a main
branch out from the stem and this may stay that way throughout its
entire grow. Any filling out usually occurs when new leaves and
branches develop at the nodes. Some lateral branches may develop new
shoots but these are somewhat small and thin and do not support much
bud growth. If we prune our plant we can make it more like the tree
that we see in the garden. There is also a limit to how much we can
prune. Let us follow a prune path for a moment.
If we prune the stem, it will split into two. We can prune both
these two new stems and end up with four stems. We may try to prune
each of these four stems to try and create eight stems, but this depends
on the strain and its branching limit which is genetically based. We
may be able to prune some of the lateral branches but again if the plant
has reached it threshold it will not produce more new branches. All
strains are different in this respect.
Prune cuts are made using clippers at a 45-degree angle to the
shoot being cut.
Some people like to keep their plants small and wide.
Cannabis plants are great for making bushes with. It is a simple
process. During the 3rd week of vegetative growth prune half the
plant’s branches and leave the other half. Never remove all the
branches. Cannabis plants need at least 50% of the leaves to continue
growing without fatal stunting problems. If you go less that 50% you
may end up killing them. Do not prune just one side of the plant.
Prune per side to achieve the 50%. You may also prune the main top
cola if you wish the cola to split into two or more parts.
Wait until the 4th or 5th week of vegetative growth and prune
the other half. (Only do this if the prune cuts you previously made
have grown new branches and leaves.)
During the seventh week of vegetative growth you will notice
that your plant has become more concerned with growing outwards
than with growing upwards.
Let us pretend that we have a plant with 8 shoots. That means
it is 4 nodes high. We perform our pruning as described and we end up
with 16 shoots, but our plant is still 4 nodes high. Now this does not
mean that we can keep doubling our shoots forever. P e.
My view is substantially different. It is quite conceivable that marijuana use grows out
of these (socially defined) undesirable conditions, but we do not wish to force a premature
closure. It could very well grow out of some characteristics which society holds are
entirely desirable. By defining marijuana use as noxious, we are preordaining both cause
and consequence. I feel that an important dimension is the definitions that users
themselves bring to the drug and its use—and very often these definitions are wholly
positive. The tack to take in attempting an understanding of marijuana use is not, they
(4 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:03 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 1
must be mistaken; why do they persist in being mistaken? But what slant on reality do
these values have, and how can we attempt to understand them on their own terms?
In discussing with a psychiatrist some of the findings on sex—that two-thirds of the
people interviewed said that they enjoyed sex more when high on marijuana—he
remarked that it was obvious this was a wish-fantasy on their part. They needed something
by which they could enjoy sex at all and therefore projected these qualities onto the drug.
This psychiatrist discounted the users' self-expressed effects because of his preconceptions
concerning the nature of and motives for marijuana use, as well as a theoretical tradition
that makes such assumptions possible.
The sociologist, on the other hand, feels that he can uncover his respondent's actual
feelings in a brief interview—that is, feelings on certain levels and about certain aspects of
his life. The psychiatrist may feel that many months of deep psychoanalysis would begin
to tap some unconscious feelings of which even the individual is not aware. Perhaps the
two approaches should not be thought of as contradictory but merely different. The
sociologist, at any rate, takes seriously the expressed meaning that an activity has for its
actors. This does not necessarily mean that this is the only "true" approach, or even the
approach that is "most true." But it is one layer of reality, and a layer very much worth
Another way of putting this is that we wish to examine the mythological level. This
might appear to contradict our earlier principle. In fact, it is entirely consistent with it. We
do not mean by "myth" that which is untrue. The question of truth and falsity is largely
irrelevant—at least on the ethnographic level. That a rain dance does not really cause rain
to fall is, in a sense, irrelevant. That is has a certain vibrancy in a tribal fabric is, on the
other hand, of utmost relevancy. By treating a group or society's collective wisdom as
tribal folklore is not to demean it; it is in fact an effort to elevate it to the status of the
semi-sacred. Myth grows organically out of the visceral troubles of a people; any attempt
to refute its validity is inevitably misplaced. The position of physicians or potsmokers,
their el "The trick is to not allow too much upward growth- on node 7 or 8, pinch out. Take the bottom 2 branches of.
You should be left with about 6 branches which will rapidly bush out to form a 'goblet' shape. These branches
will, in turn, produce branches growing into centre of plant. These secondary branches should be cut back to
about 3 or 4 nodes on the same day that flowering is started. Durban starts to flower very rapidly- you should
see signs within a week. After about 10- 14 days, pinch main branch-tips of. These will have shot upwards to
form a crown that will now fill out into colas. Final plant should be just over 2 foot from seed or 1.5 foot from
cutting. High is totally unbelievable- its like the first time you got stoned, but better- its clean, spacey,
cerebral and euphoric. Yield is average, nothing a cash-cropper would be impressed about but for personal its
"Mel Frank says that he knows the breeder in California that developed Durban Poison, and that it came from
2 females out of 16 grown from 1 variety out of six that came from South Africa. Only those two plants were
worth a damn. What he doesn't say is that there must have been some other plants in the mix; a male, eh?
He notes that genetics among growers in SA were already all jumbled up from the sources they had to draw
on, so the claims that Durban is a pure sativa have to be taken with a grain of salt." - SCW
"I'm trying some Durban from Aloha out right now in SOG. I've harvested a small test clone from the female
and it was good quality so I have a little sea of her going now.. 4 per foot in organics, mostly castings. She
stretched more than I wanted or expected under the 1K Agrosun MH, I was aiming for 2 foot high at finish but
will probably hit 2.5. You can train and prune and tie her all over but it won't change the node spacing which
makes for the lankiness. Budding them around 6 to 8 inches, or 5 days of veg is about where I'd do it next
time. The yield should be good, not great.. it won't be huge like a good indica, but weight has more to do
with flowering times and amount of resin (how many cycles per year can you get, and resin weighs alot). I
have no idea if these plants are even distant relatives of the seeds you might get." - ~shabang~
"I messed around with Durban in a 24" sog setup, and it just wouldn't work, but I did have one plant that
stayed fairly short, so I cloned it for a mother and put it aside for some months. Recently I switched to scrog,
and thought of the Durban, so I cloned it up and ran 5 of them under the screen in a 2 x 2' space with a 220
HPS conversion bulb. The Durban wanted to run a bit, but that was OK with the screen method. What I have
now is a number of 4-8" flower spikes about the size of large cigars, and there has been no vertical stretching
for a couple of weeks. I think it will mature nicely, which is good, as Durban is our #1 favorite day smoke. A
bit spindly, yes, but I can live with
hermaphroditd SIDE EFFECTS
and a bit more
about this subject matter.
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) was an Austrian monk who
discovered the basic rules of inheritance by analyzing results from his
plant breeding research programs.
He noticed that 2 types of Pea plants gave very uniform
results when breed within their own gene pool and not with one
another. The traits he noticed where:
(This is not a Punnett square. Just an example to show the different
phenotypes seen in two different Pea plant strains.)
He noticed that the offspring all carried the same traits when
they breed in with the same population or gene pool.
Now since there where no variations in with each strain he
guessed that both strains where homozygous for these traits. Because
the pea plants where from the same species Mendel guessed that either
the Solid seed shells where recessive or the wrinkled seed shells where
recessive. So he used the genotype notations (SS for solid, ss for
wrinkled). He knew that they could not be Ss, because one lot did not
produce any of the other strain’s phenotypes when they breed within
their own gene pool.
Let’s explain this via 2 basic Punnett squares where SS = Pea plant#1
for the trait of ‘solid seed shells’ and ss = pea plant#2 for the trait of
‘Wrinkled seed shells’.
That was Pea plant#1 results. All the offspring will be SS.
That was Pea plant#2 results. All the offspring will be ss.
The First Hybrid Cross:
Mendel made his first hybrid cross between the 2 strains. The
results where all solid seeds! Here is the chart below.
Now up until this point he did not know which trait from
which plant was recessive or dominant. But since all the seeds where
solid, then he knew that Pea Plant#1 contained the dominant genotype
for seed shape and that Pea Plant#2 contained the recessive genotype
for wrinkled seeds. Also he knew that Pea Plant#2 contained the
recessive genotype for seed shape. This means that in future TEST
CROSSES with other pea strains, he could determine if a seed shape
trait is Homozygous or Heterozygous because he had identified the
recessive trait (ss).
Remember the rules of test crosses to determine this? Here
they are again.
1. The plant with the dominant trait is always crossed with an
organism with the recessive trait.
2. If ANY offspring show the recessive trait, the unknown genotype is
3. If ALL the offspring have the dominant trait, the unknown genotype
is homozygous dominant
4. Large numbers are needed for reliable results.
So the offspring from the last Punnett square where all Ss.
When he crossed 2 parents from the bunch of offspring he got the
What he has done here is to mate 2 individuals that are heterozygous
(e.g., Ss) for a seed shape trait. In this group the resulting offspring
This means that:
25% of the offspring are homozygous for the dominant allele (BB).
50% are heterozygous like their parents (Bb) and
25% are homozygous for The known
(+)-apoverbenone (166)96 was prepared from (3-pinene via ozonolysis to nopinone
(165) followed by bromination and dehydrobromination at you germinate 5 followed by another 5 the next
week. If you are a long time grower with a good amount of growing
experience then you can germinate all 10 in one go. Again you do not
have to do it this way. It just helps reduce the risk of failing all the
seeds because of bad germination methods.
During your plants growth you may decide that you want to
pollinate ONLY ONE of your females. This means that you need to
have two grow areas. One for growing all your female plants and
another for growing a single or more females mixed in with some
males. As we said before this depends on how much grow space you
have and how much money you want to spend. It is important that
your pollination room is kept well away from your female grow room.
Pollen can travel by air and it is advised that the two areas are kept
well apart. Also bees and other insects can spread pollen. Not only that
but you can too. Always wash your hands and face after handling a
male plant. This saves problems of pollen from a male plant getting
onto a female that you wish to keep for sinsemilla.
Figure 3.2 - Pollen from the male plant can be collected by shaking it
over a clean surface such as a sheet of glass. The pollen can then be
swept up by using a credit card. If you gather it in a piece of paper
like this then you can........
Figure 3.3 - .....Store male pollen in a test tube like this. If
kept out of the light pollen can keep for a long time. You can use this
pollen to make seeds from a female plant by sprinkling some of the
pollen onto the female flowers. Photography film canisters also make
great pollen storage units. Both picture by Slowhand.
Figure 3.4 - This is a great picture of an indoor grow room by GIYO.
The light hanging down over the plants is a HPS light. It gives off an
orange glow to the grow room.
So being logical we can see that we have paid a bit of money
for 10 seeds and that we want to get 100% germination results. The
following passages will tell you how to achieve that success rate.
WAYS TO GERMINATE YOUR SEEDS
Seeds can be germinated in a number of ways. Some ways
guarantee more success than others. It is recommended that you
consider the 'rockwool SBS propagation tray' method.
Figure 3.5 - Germination picture by BushyOlderGrower.
Seed soil propagation:
This is a method whereby the seeds are placed down in moist
soil about 3mm or the length of the seed from the surface. The soil is
kept moist (Not soaking wet) by sprinkling water over it once a day.
This has a moderate success rate. Out of 10 seeds only 7 - 8 may
Seed towel propagation:
Figure 3.6 - This is an example of some seeds that have germinated.
This method is the towel germination method. Picture by Kryptonite.
This is a method whereby the seeds are placed either on a
damp towel or on a damp piece of cotton wool. Cheesecloth may also
be used. The seed is then covered with more damp wool or a damp
towel. The tow hin a couple of days.
NEVER EVER BRING A PLANT INSIDE THAT HAS BEEN
OUTSIDE. People who have done this have managed to kill nearly
every plant in their house because they brought a plant indoors that
had spider mites. Marijuana plants are very vulnerable to mite attacks
because the spider mites love to suck marijuana plants dry. They are
tiny, about half the size of this dot --->> . I can not stress how
important this is. We will talk more about pests later.
The next thing we will talk about is what we expect our seeds
to do before they become full flowering plants.
Figure 2.10 - This is example of what pest damage can do to your
crop. Notice how the leaf has been eaten away. Picture by Slowhand.
THE LIFE CYCLE OF THE MARIJUANA PLANT
Figure 2.11 - Another wonderful bud shot from Chimera.
We said before that a plant would grow in three main stages.
Germination, Vegetative growth and flowering. Plants actually grow
in 6 stages. Here is the life cycle of the cannabis plant.
This is the initial stage of growth and occurs when your
seed’s embryo cracks open and the seedling produces a root. This root
fixes itself into the soil and pushes the newborn seeding up and over
the soil surface. Following surface contact two embryonic leaves open
outwards to receive sunlight, pushing the empty seed shell away from
the seedling. It takes anywhere between 12 hours to 3 weeks for seeds
to germinate. Once the plant has reached this stage it goes into the
Figure 2.12 - This is a great picture of an
Indica seedling by Strawdog.
After the first pair of embryonic leaves are receiving light
(Figure 2.12), the plant will begin to produce another small set of new
leaves. These leaves are different from the last and may have some
Marijuana characteristics such as the three-rounded finger shaped
points. As the seedling grows, more of these leaves are formed and
bush upwards along with a stem. Some stems are very weak at this
stage and need the support of a small thin wooden stake tied to the
seedling with some fine thread. The seedling stage can last between 1
and 3 weeks. At the end of the seedling stage your plant will have
maybe 4 - 8 new leaves. Some of the old bottom leaves may drop off.
Figure 2.13 - Here is a picture of a cannabis plant in vegetative
growth. This picture is from GIYO.
The plant now begins to grow at the rate which its leaves can
produce energy. At this stage the plant needs all the light and food it
can get. It will continue to grow upwards producing new leaves as it
moves along (Figure 2.13). It will also produce a thicker stem with
thicker branches and with more fingers on the leaves. It will eventually
start to show its sex. When it does this it is time for the plant’s preflowering
stage. It can take anywhere between 1 and 5 months for the
plant to hit this next stage.
At this stage the plant slows rijuana, or LSD or heroin is sociogenic is that:
(14 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:03 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 1
1) It is characteristically participated in a group setting.
2) The others with whom one smokes marijuana are usually intimates, intimates of
intimates, or potential intimates, rather than strangers.
3) One generally has long-term continuing social relations with the others.
4) A certain degree of value-consensus will obtain within the group.
5) A value-convergence will occur as a result of progressive group involvement.
6) The activity maintains the circle's cohesion, reaffirms its social bonds by acting them
7) Participants view the activity as a legitimate basis for identity— defining themselves,
as well as others, partly on the basis of whether they have participated in the activity.
We find that marijuana users form a kind of subcommunity. This does not mean that a
powerful bond of identity holds all users together in a closely knit social group. But it
does mean that users are more likely to identify and interact with other users than with
someone who does not smoke marijuana. In a sense, they are part of a subculture.
Crystallizing all of the possible meanings of this term the following three are probably the
1) Sociologically: the degree to which a given category of individuals form associations
with one another, whether or not that category is a subcommunity; the degree of
concentration of one's most intimate and frequently interacted-with friends and
acquaintances within that social category
2) Anthropologically and ethnographically: the degree to which members of a given
social category share a distinct way of life, whose patterns of social life and basic social
outlook set them off to some degree from members of other social categories
3) Social psychologically: the degree to which identities revolve about the category; the
degree to which both members and nonmembers define group membership as significant,
binding, and strongly indicative of the "kind of person" who belongs to it.
"Subculture-ness" must be seen as a continuum, not a dichotomy. Subcultures vary as to
degree of institutionalization: the higher the "score" on one or all of these three
dimensions, the more a given group may be called a subculture.
Group processes operate at the inception of the individual's marijuana-using experience.
The neophyte marijuana smoker, at first exposure to the drug, is subject to group
definitions of the desirability of the experience, as well as the nature of its reality.
Marijuana use, even at its inception, is simultaneously participation in a specific social
group. This generalization holds equally strong for the continued use of marijuana.
Marijuana is characteristically smoked in groups, not in isolation. In the sample, only 5
percent claimed to smoke at least half of the time alone, and about half—45 percent—said
they never smoked alone. Marijuana cannot be unders one
is what this book will help you to understand.
At the end of the Cannabis plant’s life cycle the plant is
harvested. This means one of two things. The plant can be completely
uprooted and treated (called a complete harvest) or the plant can be
harvested a small bit and used again for a second flowering term (this
is called re-veging (Figure 1..3) and re-flowering).
Figure 1.3 - A plant that is being re-veged. Picture by Vic High.
When Cannabis is harvested the harvester concentrates on the
best part of the plant, namely the top cola and the buds. The leaves are
the last thing to worry about and the stem and roots are normally
thrown away. There are many ways to harvest a plant and we will
explain it in detail, later. Once the grower has selected the parts they
want, they then set about curing their harvest (Figure 1.4). Curing
your harvest is important. It helps one to produce a finer product. After
the curing has been done the grower can then choose how he/she
wants to finally produce their smokable mix (figure 1.5). They can use
the cured plant as it is and smoke it dry or they can produce hash or
oils from the curing process.
Figure 1.4 - This is a picture of some cured buds.
Figure 1.5 - This is the result of a good indoor harvest.
Both Pictures by Kryptonite.
Figure 1.6 - This is a picture of an indoor garden from Kryptonite.
The next thing one should know about are the different types
of Cannabis species. There are 3 main species of Cannabis plants.
These are Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis. Each species has its own group
of strains which are many. Each species has different characteristics
and each strain of each species has its own special identity.
Figure 1.7 - Picture of Sativa leaf by Slowhand.
Height - Can grow tall. Averages anywhere between, 4 - 15 feet.
Nodes - Has long internodes between branches, 3 inches to 6.
Leaf - Pointy leaves with no markings or patterns.
Figure 1.8 - Indica Leaf picture by Kryptonite.
Height - Small plants. Averages anywhere between 6 inches - 4 feet.
Nodes - Short internodes between branches. 3 inches and less.
Leaf - Rounded leaves with marble like patterns.
Figure 1.9 - This is a picture of some Ruderalis / Indica hybrids from
Height - Small plants. Averages anywhere between 6 inches and 4 feet.
Nodes - very short internodes with much branching.
Leaf - Small and thick.
Cannabis plants produce psychoactive ingredients called
cannabinoids. The main ingredient of the cannabinoids that gives the
high effect is called - delta 9 THC. All strains vary in THC levels that
come in different percentages. Some plants may contain 100% THC
but the "levels" of THC may be low. Other plants have only 60% THC,
but the "levels" of THC may be very high. A good potent plant will
have both levels and quantities very high. Cannabis plants also
produce something called - delta 8 THC. This ing